The Red Fort of Delhi is a historic fort of the city of Delhi in India. The Red Fort is a very special place for tourists in India. Tourists coming from other countries also like to see this fort of India. Talking about this fort, let us tell you that till 1856, this fort was ruled by the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for almost 200 years.
RED FORT HISTORY
The Red Fort was built in the 17th century as Shah Jahan’s palace and was built when he used it as the capital city. The Red Fort has many pavilions which depict the creativity of the Mughal emperor. This palace was designed by the architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori. The Red Fort is built on the banks of the holy river Yamuna. Let me tell you that it took 10 years to build this big Red Fort. This palace has been the residence of many emperors and kings who ruled it from its inception. The Red Fort is named ‘Lal Quila’ because it is built in red sandstone. The Red Fort is one such place in the country where the Prime Minister of India delivers his speech on Independence Day.
When Shah Jahan ruled this fort, it was called Shahjahanabad. Now it is called Delhi. When Aurangzeb ruled the Mughal dynasty after Shah Jahan ruled this fort, the Red Fort began to lose its sheen. Note that the Red Fort has a silver roof which was later replaced with a copper roof to raise money. Subsequently in the year 1793, a Persian emperor Nadir Shah captured the Red Fort and took away valuable possessions from the fort.
The Marathas defeated the 16th Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and ruled Delhi for 20 years. He was later defeated by the British and took away all the valuable possessions inside the fort including the Kohinoor diamond. The British looted valuable goods such as Bahadur Shah Zafar’s crown, Shah Jahan’s cup of wine and much more and sent it to Great Britain. The Red Fort monument once used to be a magnificent structure, made of precious stones and metals.
Why Red Fort is called Red Fort
The Red Fort was built in 1639 by Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, as the palace of his capital Shahjahanabad. Its name is Red Fort because of its huge walls of red sandstone. This fort is very close to the old Salimgarh Fort built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546 AD.The royal part of this fort consists of a row of pavilions, known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahar-e-Bihisht). The fort complex is the part that is known to represent the area of Shah Jahan and Mughal creativity.
- 09:30 AM-04:30 PM
- Closed On: Mondays
Average Visit Duration : 2.5 Hours
Indians – INR 10/- per person
Foreigners – INR 250/- per person
Netaji Subhash Road, Chandni Chowk, Delhi
Nearest Metro – Chandni Chowk Metro Station
Red fort Interesting Facts
- The Red Fort is a famous tourist destination in India. It has beautiful architecture and a historical significance that attracts tourists visiting it.
- This huge fort was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan when he shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi. The construction work of this fort started on 13 May 1638 in the month of Muharram. Which was completed ten years later in 1648.
- The chief architects of this fort were Ustad Ahmad and Ustad Hamid. This fort was called Qila-e-Mubarak at the time of Mughal rule.
- This fort is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. A huge wall was built around it to protect it from outside attacks. Its wall is built of red stone. Due to which it is called Red Fort. The main two entrances to the fort are Lahore Gate and Delhi Gate. Red Fort This is an octagonal structure built on 256 acres of land.
- There are many beautiful buildings inside the Red Fort like Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khas, Rangmahal, Moti Masjid, Peacock Throne. The Kohinoor diamond was a part of the Mayur throne, which the British took with them.
- Every year on 15 August, on the special occasion of India’s Independence Day, the Prime Minister of the country gives his speech on the fort.
- Let us tell you that in the year 2007 it was declared a World Heritage by UNESCO.
Red Fort visiting Place
The structure of the Red Fort is mainly its walls, main door, audience hall, royal palace built on the banks of river Yamuna. Apart from this, below are other places –
- Lahori Gate
- Delhi Gate
- Mumtaz Mahal
- Khas Mahal
- Rang Mahal
- Hira Mahal
- Moti Masjid
- Naubat Khana